Timișoara is the capital city of Timiș County and has 319.279 inhabitants.

Timișoara
Sights, Timișoara

Timișoara, Maria Theresia Bastion

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GPS Coordinates:
45,75721 N, 21,23392 E

Around the 12th Century was Timișoara's first strengthened fortress built. It lodged several voivodes, but its development started in the 14th Century, under the reign of Carol Robert de Anjou, period when, amid 1316-1323, Timisoara became the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom. In 1552 the fortress was conquered by the Ottomans. Under their ruling the town was surrounded by a wattle wall and ditch with water.

The wall had 5 gates. Only the Ottomans lived in the protected area, in the Vienna, the town. The Catholics and the Orthodox lived in suburbs, where they had their own churches. In 1716 the stronghold is conquered by the Habsburg Empire. Under their dominance the town knows an unheard prosperious period, gaining the name of Small Vienna. Amid 1723-1765 the stronghold was rebuilt because the fortifications couldn't get through the new fighting techniques. The new Vauban style fortification had a 10 times greater surface than the Turkish Medieval Stronghold.

The interior space was surrounded by 3 stellar belts that could be filled with water. It had 9 bastions and 3 gates: the Carol, Francisc, Theresia, Iosef, Hamilton, Castelul, Mercy, Eugeniu and Elisabeth bastions and the Viena, Petrovaradin and Transilvania gates. From these only the Theresia bastion can be seen today. It was built amid 1730-1735. A fragment from the formerly walls can be seen in the Botanic Park and on the Al. Ioan Cuza street.

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