Vașcău is a locality situated in Bihor county, with a population of 1508 inhabitants.

Vașcău

Vașcău

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GPS Coordinates:
46,48096 N, 22,47901 E

The town is situated in the basin of Beius at a height of apx. 250 m 86 km far from the city of Oradea. It is a karstic region. A aprox.10 km, to Cărpinet, is the vertical cave Campaneasca and the periodical emergence from Calugari. The Campeneasca cave has an entrance of 20 m height behind which the water of the Taranii stream forms the biggest underground waterfall of the country. Its height is of 40 m. The stream after an underground flow of apx. 2 km gets lost in the cave and re-appears in the Boiu emergence in the western part of the city.

At the height of 398 m in the Tomnatecul Vale affluent of the White Cris, at the umbrage of an old beech is situated this interesting karstic phenomena: the periodical emergence from Calugari. The existence of two connected underground holes that functiones after the rules of siphones explains the temporary flow of the emergence. At the surface it formed an alveola having a diameter of 60 cm and a depth of 1 m that continues with a natural lobe. The alveola is empty but after a while a deafening sound announces the coming of the water. A loud clamor fills the basin after that the water reverses as a waterfall the water retracts and the basin empties. After 10-20 minutes it follows a new filling. After two consecutive fillings it passes over an hour to the new filling.

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